Efek ekstrak bunga telang (Clitoria ternatea) sebagai anti bakteri alami terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri Staphylococcus aureus

Main Article Content

Dyah Widhowati Beti Gistawati Musayannah Olan Rahayu Puji Astusi Nussa


This research was conducted to determine the effect of the extract of telang flower (Clitoria ternatea) as a natural antibacterial on the growth of Stapylococcus aureus bacteria in terms of the results of the inhibition test and phytochemical screening. This study used 5 treatments with 5 replications in positive control and negative control, for the extract treatment using duplo replication. P0 as a positive control using Amoxicillin antibiotic, P0 as a negative control using a blank disk, P1 as a treatment using a telang flower extract with a concentration of 80%, P2 as a treatment using a telang flower extract with a concentration of 90%, and P3 a treatment using a telang flower extract with a concentration of 100 %. The results of the inhibition zone measurements showed the highest average in the positive control. The average diameter of the inhibition zone using the Agar Well Diffusion Method showed a significant difference (P<0.05). These results are supported by the ANOVA test with H1 accepted so that it can be said that there is an effect of telang flower extract (Clitoria ternatea) on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. The results of phytochemical screening showed that the telang flower extract contained antibacterial active compounds, namely flavonoids, tannins, saponins, alkaloids, steroids and terpenoids.

Staphylococcus aureus, Amoxicilin, Blank Disk, Telang flower extract (Clitoria ternate.
Ahmed, Bahar. 2007. Chemistry Of Natural Products.Departemen of Pharmaceutical Chemistry of Science. Jamia Hamdard. New Delhi

Budiasih KS. 2017. Kajian potensi farmakologi bunga telang (Clitoria ternatea). Makalah. Dalam : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kimia di FMIPA UNY.

Chaalal W, Aggad W, Zidane K, Saidi N, Kihal M. 2016. Antimicrobial susceptibility profiling of Staphylococcus aureus isolates from milk. Br Microbiol Res J. 13(3):1-7.

Hariana. 2006. Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya. Penebar Swadaya Wisma Hijau. Jakarta. 40-44
Jawetz, E., Melnick, J. L., Adelberg, E. A.,2008.Mikrobiologi Kedokteran. Salemba Medika. Jakarta.

Maghfira, C. R. 2017. Profil Resistensi Staphylococcus aureus Asal Susu Sapi Dari Wilayah Bogor Terhadap Antibiotik. Bogor: Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Pratiwi, S.T. 2008 Microbiology Pharmacy. Airlangga Press. Universitas Airlangga. 22- 42, 188-189.

Sani, R. N., Nisa, F. C., Andriani, R. D., dan Madigan, J. M . 2013. Analisis reedmen dan skrining fitokimia ekstrak etanol mikroalga laut (Tetraselmis chui). Pangan dan Agroindustri. 2 (2): 121-126

World Health Organization. 2000. World Health Organization Global Principles for the Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance in Animals Intended for Food. WHO Departement of Communicable Diseases Surveilance and Response. 141- 143.

Qinghu, W., Jinmei, J., Nayintai, D., Narenchaoketu, H., Jingjing, H., Baiyinmuqier, B. 2016. Anti Inflammatory Effects, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Identification And High Performance Liquid Chromatography Isolation Of The Total flavonoids From Artemisia Frigida, Journal Of Food And Drug Analysis, 24, 385-391

Article Details